Evaluation Effect of Spray Micronutrient Elements (Mn, Zn) on Seed Yields, Its Components and Protein Percentage of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Authors

1 Msc. Graduated, Department of Agronomy, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Agronomy, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Addition of fertilizers to supplement the natural soil fertility is essential for modern crop production, and precise management of nutrient elements is essential for a sustainable agriculture production.
OBJECTIVES: Current study was conducted to assessment effect of different level of micronutrient crop production and seed protein content of wheat.
METHODS: This research was carried out via factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications along 2018 year. The first factor included spray different level of Zinc (0, 2.5, 5 and 10 kg.ha-1) and second factor consisted spray Manganese at three level (0, 2 and 4 gr.1000L-1).
RESULT: Result of analysis of variance revealed effect of zinc and manganese on all measured traits (instead protein percentage) was significant also interaction effect of treatments on all measured traits (instead plant height, spike length and protein percentage) was significant. Mean comparison result of different level of zinc indicated the highest amount of plant height (89 cm), spike length (11cm), number of spike per square meter (403), number of seed per spike (42), 1000-seed weight (40gr), seed yield (5595 kg.ha-1), biologic yield (10364 kg.ha-1), harvest index (54%) and protein percentage (13%) was noted for 10 kg.ha-1 zinc fertilizer. Also compare different level of manganese and interaction effect of treatments showed similar result.
CONCLUSION: According result of current research the maximum amount of seed yield, its components, harvest index and protein percentage was belonged to consume spray 10 kg.ha-1 zinc and 4 gr.1000L-1 manganese fertilizer and it can be advised to producers.

Highlights

 

Keywords


Abadia, J., S. Vazquez, R. Rellan-Alvarez, H. El-Jendoubi, A. Abadia, A. Alvarez-Fernandez. and A. F. Lopez-Millan. 2011. Towards a knowledge-based correction of iron chlorosis. Plant Physiol. Bio-Chem. J. 49: 471-482.

Amberger, A. 1991. Importance of micronutrients for crop production 1 under semi-arid conditions of Northern Africa and Middle East. Proc. 4th Micronutrients Workshop. 18-22 Feb. pp: 17-19.

Barker, A. V. and D. J. Pilbeam. 2006. Handbook of Plant Nutrition. CRC Press. ISBN: 9780824759049.

Bremner, J. M. and G. A. Breitenbeck. 1983. A simple method for determination of ammonium in semi micro Kjeldahl analysis of soils and plant materials using a block digester. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 14: 905-913.

Bouis, H. E., C. Hotz, B. McClafferty, J. V. Meenakshi. and W. H. Pfeiffer. 2011. Bio-fortification: A new tool to reduce micronutrient malnutrition. Food Nutr. Bull. 32(1): 31-40.

Cakmack, I. 2002. Plant nutrition research: Priorities to meet human needs for food in sustainable ways. J. Plant and Soil. 247: 3-24.

Cakmak, I., M. Kalayci, Y. Kaya, A. A. Torun, N. Aydin, Y. Wang, Z. Arisoy, H. Erdem, O. Gokmen, L. Ozturk, W. J. Horst. 2010. Bio-fortification and localization of zinc in wheat grain. J. Agri. Food Chem. 58: 9092-9102.

Esfandiari, E., M. Abdoli. and R. Taheri. 2017. Evaluation morphological characteristics and mineral nutrients content of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) affected soil application of nitrogen and iron fertilizers. J. Crop Nutr. Sci. 3(3): 14-25.

Gardner, F., R. Pearce. and R. L. Mitchell. 1985. Physiology of crop plants. Iowa State Univ. Press. Ames.

Ghasemi-Fasaei, R. and A. Ronaghi. 2008. Interaction of iron with copper, zinc, and manganese in wheat as affected by iron and manganese in a calcareous soil. J. Plant Nutrition. 31(5): 839-848. Doi: 10.1080/01904160802043148.

Ghazvineh, S. and M. Yousefi. 2012. Study the effect of micronutrient application on yield and yield components of Maize. American-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci. 12(2): 144-147.

Hemantaranjan, A. 2013. Advancement in Micronutrient Research. Sci. Pub. India. 465 pp.

Hung, P. V., T. Maeda, K. Miyatake. and N. Morita. 2009. Total phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of wheat graded flours by polishing method. J. Food Res. (42): 185–190.

Jafardoukht, R., M. Mousavi Nick, A. Mehraban. and M. Basiri. 2015. Effect of drought stress and foliar spray of micronutrients on physiological characteristics and nutrient uptake in Mungbean. J. Crop Prod. 8(1): 121-141.

Jalilshesh-Bahre, M. and M. Movahedi Dhnavi. 2012. Effect of zinc and iron application on soybean seed vigor grown under drought stress. E. J. Crop Prod. 5: 19-35. (Abstract in English)

Kabata-Pendias, A. and H. Pendias, 1999. Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Second Edition. Wyd. Nauk. PWN. Warsaw.

Kari, A. 2018. Evaluation effect of micronutrient on agro physiological traits of bread wheat under semiarid climate condition. MSc. Thesis. Koshna University. 98 pp.

Malakooti, M. J. and S. J. Tabataei. 1998. Plant feeding by foliar application. Agri. Educate. Pub. Karaj. Iran.

Malakouti, M. J. 2008. The effect of micronutrient in ensuring efficient use of macronutrient. Turk. J. Agric. For. 32: 215-220.

Manojlovis, S. 2012. Possibilities of increasing the production of corn in the chernozem zone of Yugoslavia by zinc, application. Efficient use of fertilizers in agriculture. pp: 331-350.

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plant. Academic Press. New York. USA. pp. 890.

Marschner, H. 2012. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press Limited Harcourt Brace and Company. Pub. London. UK. pp: 347–364. ISBN: 9780123849052.

Mishra, J. S., K. Hariprasanna, S. S. Rao. and J. V. Patil. 2015. Bio-fortification of post-rainy sorghum with zinc and iron through fertilization strategy. Indian J. Agri. Sci. 85(5): 721-724.

Mohseni, S. H., A. Ghanbari, M. R. Ramezanpour. and M. Mohseni. 2006. The effects of levels and methods of application of zinc sulfate and boric acid on the yield, quality and nutrients uptake of two grain maize hybrids. Iranian J. Agri. Sci. 37(1): 31-38. (Abstract in English)

Ojeda-Barrios, D. L., E. Perea-Portillo, O. A. Hernandez-Rodriguez, J. Martinez-Tellez, J. Abadia. and L. Lombardini. 2014. Foliar fertilization with zinc in pecan trees. J. Hort. Sci. 49: 562–566.

Potarzycki, J. and W. Grzebisz. 2009. Effect of zinc foliar application on grain yield of maize and its yielding components. Plant Soil Environ. 55(12): 519-527.

Romheld, V. and H. Marachner. 1995. Genotypical differences among graminaceous species in release of phytoadiero phores and uptake of iron phytoauid phores. Plant Soil. 132: 147-153.

Sajedi, N. A. and M. R. Ardakani. 2008. Effect of different levels of nitrogen, iron and zinc on physiological indices and forage yield of maize (Zea mays L.) in Markazi province. Irainian J. Field Crop Res. 6(1): 99-110.

Sarbandi, H. and H. Madani. 2014. Response yield and yield component of Chickpea to foliar application of micronutrients. Tech. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 4(1): 18-22.

Seilsepour, M. 2005. Study Fe and Zn effects on quantitative and qualitative traits of winter wheat and determination of critical levels of these elements Pajouhesh Sazandeg. J. 6: 123-133. (Abstract in English)

Sheykhbagloo, N., A. Hassanzadeh Gorttapeh, M. Baghestani. and B. Zand. 2009. Study the Effect of Zinc Foliar Application on the Quantitative and Qualitative yield of Grain Corn under Water Stress. Electronic Journal of Crop Production. 2 (2): 59-74. (Abstract in English)

Soleymani, A. and M. H. Shahrajabian. 2016. The effects of Fe, Mn and Zn foliar application on yield, ash and protein percentage of forage sorghum in climatic condition of Esfahan. Intl. J. Biol. 4(3): 92-97.

Tabatabaian, A. 2009. The effect of different levels of Zinc sulfate on yield and yield components of wheat cultivars under irrigated condition. PhD Thesis. College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ramin University. (Abstract in English)

Tabatabaeian, J. 2012. Effect of foliar application of zinc on yield quality and quantity in wheat under water deficit. Agroecology J. 8(2): 27-35. (Abstract in English)

Talaei, Gh. 2012. Effect of bio and chemical fertilizers on yield and yield components of Cumin. MSc Thesis. Shahed Univ. Tehran. Iran. (Abstract in English)

Tandon, H. L. S. 2012. Micronutrients in soils, crops and fertilizers. A source book–cum–Directory. Fertilizer Development and consumption Organization, India.

Welch, R. M. 2003. Farming for nutritious foods: Agricultural technologies for improved human health. IFA-FAO Agri. Conf. Rome. Italy. 242 p.

White, P. J. and M. R. Broadley. 2009. Bio-fortification of crops with seven mineral elements often lacking in human diets-iron, zinc, copper, calcium, magnesium, selenium and iodine. J. New Phytol. 182: 49-84.

Zayed, B. A., A. K. M. Salem. and H. M. Sharkawy. 2011. Effect of different micronutrient treatments on Rice growth and yield under saline soil conditions. World J. Agric. Sci. 7(2): 179-184.

Zeiaeian, A. and M. J. Malakouti. 2010. Effect of micronutrient application and application time on increasing yield. J. Soil and Water. 2(1): 56-62. (Abstract in English)

Zeidan, M. S., M. F. Mohamed. and H. A. Hamouda. 2010. Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, Mn and Zn on wheat yield and quality in low sandy soils fertility. World J. Agri. Sci. 6(6): 696-699.

Ziaeyan A. H. and M. Rajaie. 2009. Combined effect of Zinc and Boron on yield and nutrients accumulation in corn. J. Plant Production. 3: 1735-8043. (Abstract in English)

Zlatimira, S. and S. Doncheva. 2002. The effect of zinc supply and succinate treatment on plant growth and mineral uptake in pea plant. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 14(2): 111-116.