Assessment Agro-Physiological Traits Response of Green Bean to Different Level of Nitrogen, Potassium and Zinc Fertilizers


Department of Agronomy, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran.


Nutritional management is an important factor in the success of crop production. In order to evaluate different level of nitrogen, potassium and zinc fertilizers on agro physiological characteristics of green bean a field experiment was conducted as split-plot based randomized complete block design in three replications, in Varamin university field research during 2011. The main plot included urea fertilizer at three levels (n1=250, n2=300, n3=350 kg.ha-1). The sub plots consisted b1 (120 kg K.ha-1 from potassium sulfate), b2 (Zn: foliar application of zinc solution with concentration 6 gr.l-1) and b3 (K+Zn =120 kg K.ha-1 and zinc foliar application with concentration of 6 gr.l-1). The results showed that nitrogen uptake increased green bean yield. The interaction between nitrogen level and K and Zn applications was observed that the highest nitrate uptake was obtained that N3B3 treatment. The highest radiation use efficiency (RUE) and chlorophyll were obtained from 350 kg.ha-1 urea with application of (K*Zn fertilizers) treatment. The highest pod yield (4306.2 kg.ha-1) was presented by application of 250 kg.ha-1 urea with K and Zn fertilizers, however the lowest pod yield (2298 kg.ha-1) was observed at 350 kg.ha-1 urea with K. The results of this experiment showed that the Zn-foliar application increased all features in bean and also, reduced nitrate fertilizer rate without reduction in more plant characteristics.


Ali, A. A. G. and S. A. E. Mowafy. 2003. Effect of different levels of potassium and phosphorus fertilizers with the foliar application of zinc and boron on peanut in sandy soils. Zagazig J. Agri. Res. 30: 335-358.

Bange, M. P. and T. R. Sinclair. 1997. Nitrogen response of leaf photosynthesis and canopy radiation use efficiency in field- grown sunflower. J. Crop Sci. 37: 621-627.

Broughton, W. J., G. Hernandez, M. Blair, S. Beebe, P. Gepts. and J. Vanderleyden. 2003. Beans (Phaseolus spp.): model food legume. J. Plant Soil.252: 55-128.

Buruchara, R. 2011. Development and Delivery of bean varieties in Africa: the Pan-Africa bean research Alliance (PABRA) model. Afr. Crop Sci. J. 19(4): 227-245.

Cakmak, I. 2000. Possible roles of zinc in protecting plant cells from damage by reactive oxygen species. J. New Phytologist. 146, 185-205.

Caslo, C. 2003. Relations between the administration of some nitrate fertilizers and the incidence of nitrates and nitrites in the fond products. J. Irri. Manag.146: 342-346.

DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00630.x.

Chaillou, S., T. K. Vessey, T. F. Motor-Gaudry, C. D. Raper, T. P. Henry. and L. T. Boutin. 2003. Expression of characteristics of ammonium nutrition as affected by PH of the root medium. J. Exp. Bot. 42: 189-194.

Costa, G. E. A., K. S. Queiroz-Monici, S. M. P. M. Neis. and A. C. Oliveira. 2006. Chemical composition, dietary fitre and resistant starch contents of raw and cooked pea, common bean, chick pea and lentil legumes. Food Chemistry J. 94: 327-330.

Floyed, M., A. Shton. and J. M. Thomes. 2007. Weed Science principle and practices. Printed in the United States of America.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2012. FAO-STAT statistics database [Online]. Available at: http://

France, M. G. C., A. T. P. Thi, C. Pimentel, R. P. Rossiello, Y. Zuily-Fodil. and D. Laffray. 2000. Differences in growth and water relations among phaseolus vulgaris in response to induced drought stress. Environ. Exp. Bot. 43: 227-237.

Ghosh, P. K., K. K. Ajay, M. C. Bandyopadhyay, K. G. Manna, A. K. Mandal. and K. M. Hati. 2004. Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phosphor compost and fertilizer- NPK on three cropping system in vertisoils of semi-arid tropics. II. Dry matter yield, nodulation, chlorophyll content and enzyme activity. J. Bio-Res. Tech. 95: 85-93.

Graham, P. H., J. C. Rosas, C. Estevez De Jensen, E. Peralta, B. Tlusty, J. Acosta- Gallegos. and P. A. Arraes Pereira. 2003. Addressing edaphic constraints to bean production: the bean/cowpea CRSP project in perspective. Field Crop Res. 82: 179-192.

Haverkort, A. J, D. Uenk, A. Veroud. and M. Hand Van De Vaart. 2007. Relationship between ground cover, infrared reflectance of potato crops. Potato abstract. 34: 119-121.

Honeycutt, C. W. and G. M. Trusty. 2006. Leaf chlorophyll relationships with N status, yield and specific gravity in bean. Plant protection research U.S. Nutrition LAB. Tower.

Kheir, N. F., A. Hanafu Ahmed, A. H. Abou, E. A. Hossein. and E. M. Z. Harb. 1999. Physiological studies on the hazardous nitrate accumulation in some vegetable. Bull. Fac. of Agric. Univ. Cairo. Egypt. 42: 557-576.

Krauss, A. 1992. Role of potassium in nutrient deficiency. 4th Natl. Cong. Soil Sci. Islamabad. Pakistan.

Lecocur, J. and B. Ney. 2008. Chang with in potential radiation – use efficiency in field bean. Europ. J. Agron. 37: 82-89.

Lincoln, T. and Z. Edvardo. 2006. Assimilation of mineral nutrition. In: Plant Physiology (4th Ed). Sinaur Associates. Inc. Pub. Sunderland. UK. 705 pp.

Lopez-Bellido, F. J., L. Lopez-Bellido. and R. J. Lopez-Bellido. 2005. Competition, Growth and Yield of Faba bean (Vicia faba L.), Euro. J. Agron. 23: 359-378.

Mahady, A. E. M. 1990. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer, some micronutrients and plant density on growth and yield of broad beans. Ph.D. Thesis. Faculty of Agriculture. Moshtohor. Zagazig University. Egypt.

Majd Nasiri, M. B. and R. Ahmadi. 2005. Effect of planting season and density on light distribution and interception in canopy in different safflower. Iranian J. Agri. Sci. 36: 25-35.

Mare, E. K. J. 2001. Evaluation of selected qualitative parameters in several varieties of potatoes. Proc. of the international scientific conference on the occasion of the 55th Anniversary of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra. Acta flyo Technical. ET Zootechnica. Vol. 4.

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants(2nd Ed). Academic Press. London. England.

Martin, P. and A. Anac. 2006. N2–fixing bacteria in the rhizosphere: quantification and hormonal effects on root development. Z. Pflanzen. Bodenk. 152: 237-245.

Modhej, A., A. Naderi, Y. Emam, A. Aynehband. and Gh. Normohamadi. 2008. Effects of post-anthesis heat stress and nitrogen levels on grain yield in wheat (T. durum and T. aestivum) genotypes. Intl. J. Plant Prod. 2: 257-267.

Mohammadian, M. 2002. Final report of research project: Evaluation of nitrogen application in different N-supplying capacity soils on rice yield. Rice Res. Inst. Iran.

Monteith, J. 1997. Solar radiation and productivity in tropical ecosystem J. Apple. Ecol. 9: 747-766.

Morrison, M. J. and D. W. Stewart. 2009. Radiation use efficiency in common bean. Agron. J. 141: 1027-1033.

Nassiri, M. M. and M .J. Kropfh. 1997.Simulation model for crop – weed competition, modified for LAD distribution function and extinction coefficient based on leaf dispersion. Agri. W. D.C Univ. USA.

Pilbram, C. J., P. D. Hebblethwaite. and T. E. Nyongesa. 2009. Effects of plant population density of determinate and indeterminate forms of common bean 2.Growth and development. J. Agri. Sci. Cambridge. 194: 138-144.

Radosevich, S. J., S. Holt. and C. Chrsa. 1997. Weed ecology: Implication for vegetation management. John Willy and Sons. Pub. New York. USA. pp: 278-301.

Ramberg, H. A., J. S. C. Bradley, S. C. Olsong, J. N. Nishio, J. Markwell. and C. Osterman. 2008. Effects of foliar and root application of Zn, B on the growth of arabidopsis, tobacco and tomato plants. J. Plant Growth Regal. 33: 39-49.

Richards, R. A. 2004.Selection trains to increase crop photosynthesis and yield of grain crop. J. Exp. Bot. 65: 321-338.

Salehin, F. and Sh. Rahman. 2012.Effects of zinc and nitrogen fertilizer and their application method on yield and yield components of Phaseolus vulgaris L. J. Agri. Sci. 3(1): 9-13.

Thalooth, A. T., N. M. Badr. and M. H. Mohamed. 2005. Effect of foliar spraying with Zn and different levels of Phosphatic fertilizer on growth and yield of sunflower plants grown under saline condition. Egyptian J. Agron. 27: 11-22.

Tisdale, S. L., W. L. Nelson. and J. D. Beaten. (1984). Zinc In soil Fertility and Fertilizers. Fourth Edition. Macmillan Publishing Company. New York. USA.

Umer, S., S. K. Bansal, P. Imas. and H. Magen. 1999. Effect of foliar fertilization of potassium on yield, quality and nutrient uptake of groundnut. J. Plant Nutr. 22: 1785-1795. Doi: 10.1080/01904169909365754.

Vance, C. P. 2002. Root-bacteria interactions: symbiotic nitrogen fixation. In: Y. Waisel, A. Eshel, U. Kafkati. (Ed.) Plant roots: The Hidden Half, 3th Ed. Marcel Dekker. New York. USA. p. 839-867.

Volkweiss, S. J. 1991. Fontes e metodos de aplicacao. In: M. E. Ferreira, M.C.P. Cruz. Micro nutrients na agricultura. Piracicaba: POTAFOS. CNPq. pp. 391-412.

Weiner, J. H., W. Griepentorg. and L. Kristensen. 2008. Suppression of weed by spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) increases with crop density and spatial uniformity. J. Appl. Ecol. 38: 784-790.

Wei Hong, R. M. 2003. Effect of splitting N fertilizer on yield of Broccoli. In: Versuche in Deutschemark Gartenbau. No. 66. Bonn.

Widers, I. E. 2006. The beans for health alliance: a public-private sector partnership to support research on the nutritional and health attributes of beans. J. Ann. Rep. Bean Improv. Coop. 49(1): 3-5.

Yasari, E. and A. M. Patwardhan. 2006. Physiological analysis of the growth and devolvement of canola (Brassica napus L.). Asian J. Plant Sci. 5: 745–752.

Zimdahl, R. L. 2006. Fundamentals of weed Science 2th End. Academic Press. San Diego. California. USA.

World Health Organization (WHO). 2002. World health report: Reducing risks. Promoting healthy life. Geneva. Switzerland.