Assessment Nutrient Absorption of Sugarcane (Saccharum Officinarum L.) Genotypes under Saline Situation

Authors

1 Department of Agronomy, Khuzestan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Crop Improvement, Research and Education Institute, Sugarcane Development Company and Accessories Industry, Khuzestan, Iran.

Abstract

In order to study the effects of salinity levels of the irrigation water resulted from the sugarcane field drainage which contained mineral salt (NaCl), four salinity levels (0, 3, 6, 9 ds.m-1) and sugarcane genotypes (C4, C5,C3, CP48-103, C2, CP57-614, CP69-1062) in a potted plant were examined. It was a factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications which was carried out in research center of Amirkabir sugarcane industrial company located in 45 km south of Ahvaz in 2011. Results indicated that as the salinity stress increased, chlorophyll concentration relatively decreased in all genotypes, but the rate of decrease in CP69-1062, C4, C5 genotypes was less than other genotypes. Chlorine and sodium content in the leaves of genotypes tolerant of C4 and C5 decreased as the salinity increased which indicates the genetic ability of these genotypes in preventing the toxic ion of chlorine from entering the plant. CP69-1062 genotype in comparison to CP48-103 and CP57-614 genotypes has the lowest rate of sodium in leaves and owns genetic potential in preventing sodium ion from entering the plant. 
 

Keywords


Akhtar, S., A. Wahid. and E. Rasul. 2003. Emergence growth and nutrient composition of sugarcane sprouts under NaCl salinity. Biol. Plantarum. J. 46(1): 113-116.

Akhtar, S., A. Wahid, M. Akram. and E. Rasul. 1997. Effect of NaCl salinity on yield parameters of some sugarcane genotypes. Intl. J. Agri. Biol. 4: 507-509.

Apse, M., G. Dharon, W. Snedden. and A. Bumer. 1999. Salt tolerance conferred by over expression of a vacuolar Na+/H+ antiproton. Arabidopsis Sci. J. 285: 1256 -1258.

Azevado, N. and J. Taosa. 2000. Salt stress in maize seed lings. Distribution of ionic macro nutrients and its relation with sodium. Rev. Eng. Agric. J. 4: 165-171.

Barry, G. A., G. E. Rayment, A. J. Jeffrey. and A. M. Price. 2001. Changes in cane

soil properties from applications of sugar mill by products. Proc. Aust. Soc. Sugar Cane Tech. J. 22: 185-191.

Baybordy, A. 2010. Effects of salinity and N on the growth photosynthesis and status of canola. Natural Sci. Biol. J. 2: 92-97.

Crooks, R. and P. Prentice. 2011. The benefit of silicon fertilizer for sustainable increasing crop productivity. Intl. Conf. Silicon Agriculture. Beijing. China. pp: 85-90.

Chodhury, M. K. A.,M. Miah, S. Ali, M. A. Hossain. and Z. Alam. 1995. Influence of sodium chloride salinity on germination and growth of sugarcane. Sugarcane Intl. J. 7: 15-16.

Ehyai, A. M. and M. Behbehani.1993. Methods of soil analysis, soil and water research institute. Pub. Vol. 1. No. 893. pp: 129. Tehran. Iran.

Fey, M. V. 2010. A short guide to the soils of South Africa, their distribution and correlation with World Reference Base soil groups. 19th World Cong. Soil Sci. Soil solutions for a changing world. Brisbane. Australia. pp: 99-104.

Gana, A. K. 2008. Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on sugarcane production. African J. General Agric. 4(1):55-59.

Gilbert, R. A., D. R. Morris, C. R. Rainbolt, J. M. McCray, R. E. Perdomo, B. Eiland, G. Powell. and G. Montes. 2008. Sugarcane response to mill mud, fertilizer, and soybean nutrient sources on a sandy soil. Agron. J. 100(3): 845-854.

Hurney, A. P., B. L. Schroeder. and D. M. Skocaj. 2010. Phosphorus fertilizer requirements for soils with very high phosphorus sorption characteristics. Proc. Aust. Soc. Sugar Cane Tech. J. 32:709.

Jannoo, N., L. Grivet, N. Chantret, O. Garsmeur, J. C. Glaszmann, P. Arruda. and A. D-Hont. 2007. Orthologous comparison in a gene-rich region among grasses reveals stability in the sugarcane polyploidy genome. The Plant J. 50: 574-585.

Kaya, C. A., L. Tunal. and A. C. Alves. 2006. Gibberelic acid improves water deficit tolerance in maize plants. Acta Physiol. Plant. 28(4): 331-337.

Kingston, G., M. C. Anink. and D. Allen. 2008. Acquisition of nitrogen by ratoon crops of sugarcane as influenced by water logging and split applications. Proc. Aust. Soc. Sugar Cane Tech. 30: 202-211.

Kingston, G., M. C. Anink, B. M. Clift. and R. N. Beattie. 2009. Potassium management for sugarcane on base saturated soils in northern New South Wales. Proc. Aust. Soc. Sugar Cane Tech. 31: 186-194.

Malakuti, M. J. 1996. Sustainable agriculture and increase yield with optimization use of fertilizer in Iran. Agric. J. 75: 947-950.

Olivier, F. C, R. A. Donaldson. and A. Singels. 2006. Drying of sugarcane on soils with low water holding capacity. Proc. S. Afr. Sug. Tech. Ass. 80: 183-187.

Pessararakli, M. 1994. Plant and crop stress. Marcel Dekkar. Inc. pp: 13-14.

Plaut, Z. and B. Heuer. 1990. Adjustment growth, photosynthesis and transpiration of sugar beet plants exposed to saline conditions .Field Crops Res.10: 1-13.

Plaut, Z., C. M. Grieve. and E. V. Mass. 2007. Salinity effects on CO2 assimilation and diffusion conductivity of cola peas. Physiol. Plant. J. 79: 31-38.

Ram, B., S. Kumer, B. K. Sahi. and B. K. Tripthi. 1999. Traits for selection elite sugarcane clone under water and salt stress conditions. Proc. Intl. Soc. Sugar Cane Tech. 23rd Cong. pp: 132-139.

Roberts, J. K., Linker, M. C. S., Benoit, A. G., Jardetzky, O. and Nieman, R. H. 1984. Salt timulation of phosphorus uptake in maize root tips studied by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance. Plant Physiol. J. 10: 1-13.

Singels, A., R. A. Donaldson. and M. A. Smith. 2005. Improving biomass production and partitioning in sugarcane: Theory and practice. Field Crops Res. 92: 291-301.

Singels, A. 2007. A new approach to implementing computer-based decision support for sugarcane farmers and extension staff. The case of My Canesim. Proc Intl. Soc. Sugarcane Tech. 26: 211-219.

Shomile, M. 2002. Study the effects of salinity on germination of sugarcane. Cane J. 52: 32-28.

Umrit, G., M. A. Bholah. and K. F. Kwong. 2009. Nitrogen benefits of legume green manuring in sugarcane farming systems in Mauritius. Sugar Tech. J. 11(1):12-16.

Wahid, A., A. R. Rao. and E. Rasul. 1997. Identification of salt tolerance traits in sugarcane lines. Field Crops Res. 54: 9-17.