Assessment Effect of Super Absorbent Polymer and Nitroxin on Growth Curves and Corn (Zea mays L.) Production


1 Graduated of MSc, Department of Agronomy, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran.


BACKGROUND: Nutrient management plays an important role for obtaining satisfactory yields and to increase crop productivity. Also keep soil moisture under drought stress is an important factor to produce economical production, so super absorbent polymer has great role to achieve mentioned goal.
OBJECTIVES: Present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different level of super absorbent polymer and Nitroxin biological fertilizer on the productivity of maize and growth Indices.
METHODS: Current research was carried out according factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications during 2015-2016. The first factor included different level of Super Absorbent Polymer (S1= nonuse of super absorbent polymer or control, S2= 100 kg.ha-1 and S3= 150 kg.ha-1 super absorbent polymer) and second factor included three level of Nitroxin (N1= nonuse of Nitroxin or control, N2= 1 L.ha-1 and N3= 3 L.ha-1 Nitroxin).
RESULT: Result analysis of variance revealed effect of super absorbent polymer and Nitroxin on seed yield and biologic yield was significant but interaction effect of treatments was not significant. According result of mean comparison of different level of super absorbent that maximum seed yield (8455 kg.ha-1) biologic yield (13266 kg.ha-1), Leaf area index (3.5), Leaf area ratio (0.0035, Relative growth rate (0.09, crop growth rate (35 was noted for use 150 kg.ha-1 super absorbent and minimum amount of mentioned traits was belonged to control treatment. Also between different level of Nitroxin the highest amount of measured characteristics observed for 1 L.ha-1 treatment.
CONCLUSION: Finally according result of current research consume of 150 kg.ha-1 Super Absorbent Polymer and 1 L.ha-1 Nitroxin led to produce highest corn yield and growth indices and it can be advised to farmers in studied region.


Ahmed, E. M. 2015. Hydrogel, preparation, characterization, and the applications: A review. J. Adv. Res. 6(2): 105-121.

Akabarynia, A. 2004. Evaluation effect of chemical fertilizer, poultry, and intergradient fertilizer management on yield and concentration seed essence of Trachyspermum. 2nd Conf. Medicinal Plants. Shahed Univ. Tehran. Iran. (Abstract in English)

Alexandratos, N. 2003. World agriculture: Towards 2015-30. Cong. Global Food Security and Role of Sustainable Fertility. Rome. Italy.

Asadi Kupal, P. and Q. E. Zadeh Laserjan. 2009. Effect of bio-fertilizers and soil texture on rice growth. 1st Reg. Conf. Water Res. Manage. It’s Role in Agri. Islamic Azad Univ. Shahreh-Ghods Branch. Iran. (Abstract in English)

Azimi, S. M., A. Farnia, M. Shaban. and M. Lak. 2013a. Effect of different bio-fertilizers on seed yield of barley, Bahman cultivar. Intl. J. Adv. Biol. Biomedical Res. 1(5): 538-546.

Azimi, S. M., E. Nabati, M. Shaban. and M. Lak. 2013b. Effect of N and P bio fertilizers on yield components of barley. Intl. J. Adv. Biol. Biomedical Res. 2(2): 365-370.

Azzam, R. A. I. 1983. Polymeric conditioner gels for desert soils. Communications in Soil Sci. Plant Analysis. 14: 739-760.

Barker, A. V. and D. J. Pilbeam. 2006. Handbook of Plant Nutrition. CRC Press. ISBN: 9780824759049.

Blodgett, A. M., D. J. Beattis, J. W. White. and G. C. Elliot. 1993. Hydrophilic polymers and wetting agents affect absorption and evaporate water loss. J. Horti. Sci. 28: 633-635.

Blum, A. 2010. Plant breeding for water-limited environments. Springer Pub. New York. USA.

Buttery, B. R. 1970. Effect of variation in leaf area index on the growth of maize and soybean. Crop Sci. 10: 9-13.

Cakir, R. 2004. Effect of water stress at different development stages on vegetative and reproductive growth of corn. Field Crops. J. 89: 1-16.

Charkhab, A. and M. Mojaddam. 2018. Evaluation of seed yield, its component and nitrogen use efficiency of sorghum in response to nitrogen and Nitroxin fertilizers. J. Crop. Nutr. Sci.4(2): 1-19.

Clarke, J. M. and G. M. Simpson. 1978. Growth and analysis of Brassica napus cv., Tower. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 58: 587-595.

El-Amir, S., A. M. Helalia. and M. E. Shawky. 1993. Effects of acryhope and aqua store polymers on water regime and porosity in sandy soils. Egyptian J. Soil Sci. 4: 395-404.

Enyi, B. A. C. 1962. Comparative growth rates of upland and swamp rice varieties. Ann. Bot. 26: 467-487.

Enyisi, I. S., V. J. Umoh, C. M. Z. Whong, I. O. Abdullahi. and O. Alabi 2014. Chemical and nutritional value of maize and maize products obtained from selected markets in Kaduna State, Nigeria. African J. Food Sci. Tech. 5(4): 100-104.

Fallahi, H. R., R. Taherpour Kalantari, M. Aghhavani-Shajari. and M. Gh. Soltanzadeh. 2015. Effect of super absorbent polymer and irrigation deficit on water use efficiency, growth and yield of cotton. Not Sci. Biol. 7(3): 338-344. DOI: 10.15835/nsb.7.3.9626.

Fazeli Rostampour, M., M. Yarnia, F. Rahimzadeh Khoee, M. J. Seghatoleslami. and G. R. Moosavi. 2013. Physiological response of forage sorghum to polymer under water deficit conditions. Agron. J. 105(4): 951-959.

Fazeli Rostampour, M. and S. M. Mohebbian. 2012. Studying the effects of irrigation deficit and superabsorbent polymer on remobilization of assimilates in corn (Zea mays L.). Environmental Stresses Crop Sci. 4(2): 127-138.

Fulchirri, M. and I. Frioni. 1994. Azospirillum inoculation on maize: effect on yield in a field experiment in central argentine. J. Soil Biol. Bio-Chem. 26: 921-923.

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2014. Statistics.


Ganbari, M. and B. Mir. 2013. Evaluation effect of super adsorbent polymer on corn yield under drought stress. Second Natl. Conf. Sust. Develop. Agri. Environ. Karaj. Iran. pp: 304-311. (Abstract in English)

Gardner, F., R. Pearce. and R. L. Mitchell. 1985. Physiology of crop plants. Iowa State Univ. Press. Ames. USA.

Garg, B. K., S. Kathju. and S. P. Vyas. 2005. Salinity-fertility interaction on growth. Photosynthesis and nitrate reductase activity in sesame. Indian J. Plant Physiol. 10: 162-167.

Ghamarnia, H. and J. W. Gowing. 2005. Effect of water stress on three wheat cultivars. ICID 21st European Regional Conf. 15-19 May. Frankfurt (Oder) and Slubica. Germany and Poland.

Hasanozaman, M., K. U. Ahamed, K. Nahar. and N. Akhter. 2010. Plant growth pattern, tiller dynamics and dry matter accumulation of wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) as influenced by application of different manures. Nature and Sci. J. 8(4): 1-10. In: Rosegrant, M. W. and J. A. Roumasset. Economic feasibility of green manure in rice-based cropping systems. Proc. Sym. Sustainable Agriculture. The Role Green Manures Crops in Rice Farming Systems. IRRI. Manila. Philippines. May 25-29. 1987-1988. pp. 11-27.

Hokm Alipour, S., R. Seyed Sharifi. and M. Ghadimzadeh. 2007. Study of plant density and nitrogen fertilizer levels on grain yield and dry matter remobilization in corn. Iranian J. Soil Res. 1(21): 21-15.

Hokm Alipour, S. and M. Hamele Darbandi. 2011. Physiological growth indices in corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars as affected by nitrogen fertilizer levels. World Appl. Sci. J. 15(12): 1800-1805. IDOSI Publ.

Islam, M. R., Y. Hu, Ch. Fei, X. Qian, A. E. Eneji. and X. Xue. 2011a. Application of superabsorbent polymer: A new approach for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production in drought-affected areas of northern China. J. Food, Agric. Environ. 9(1): 304-309.

Islam, M. R., Y. Hu, S. Mao, J. Mao, A. E. Enejid. and X. Xue. 2011b. Effectiveness of a water-saving super-absorbent polymer in soil water conservation for corn (Zea mays L.) based on eco-physiological parameters. J Sci. Food Agric. 9(1): 1998–2005.

Jahan, M., N. Kamayestani. and F. Ranjbar. 2013. Assay for applying super absorbent polymer in a low input corn (Zea mays L.) production system aimed to reduce drought stress under Mashhad conditions. Agro-Ecology J. 5(3): 272-281. (Abstract in English)

Johnson, M. S. 1984. Effect of soluble salts on water absorption by gel-forming soil conditioners. J. Sci. Food Agri. 35: 1063–1066.

Karimi, A., M. Noshadi. and M. Ahmadzadeh. 2009. Effects of super absorbent polymer (igeta) on crop, soil water and irrigation interval. J. Sci. Tech. Agric. Nat. Res. 12: 415-420.

Karimi, A. 2013. Evaluation seed yield and its components affected different level of Nitroxin biofertilizer. Second Natl. Conf. Sust. Agri. Environ. Karaj. Iran. pp: 111-120. (Abstract in English)

Kemal, Y. O. and M. Abera. 2015. Contribution of integrated nutrient management practice for sustainable crop productivity, nutrient uptake and soil nutrient status in Maize based cropping systems. J. Nutr. 2(1): 1-10.

Keshavars L., H. Farahbakhsh. and P. Golkar. 2012. The effects of drought stress and Superabsorbent polymer on morpho physiological traits of Pear millet (Pennisetum glaucum). International Res. J. Appl. Basic Sci. 3(1): 148-154.

Khadem, S. A., M. Ramroudi, M. Galavi. and M. Javad Rousta. 2011. Effect of drought stress and animal manure with super absorbent polymer on yield and its components of Corn. Iranian J. Field Crop Sci. 42(1): 115-123. (Abstract in English)

Khorramdel, S., R. A. Gheshm, A. Ghafori. and B. Esmaielpour. 2014. Evaluation of soil texture and superabsorbent polymer impacts on agronomical characteristics and yield of saffron. Saffron Res. J. 1(2): 120-135. (Abstract in English)

Lentz, R. D., R. E. Sojka. and C. W. Robbins. 1998. Reducing phosphorus losses from surface-irrigated fields: Emerging polyacrylamide technology. J. Environ. Quality. 27: 305-312.

Mikkelsen, R. L. 1994. Using hydrophilic polymers to control nutrient release. Fertilizer Res. 38: 53-59.

Moazzen Ghamsari, B., Gh. A. Akbari, M. J. Zohorian. and A. B. Nikniaee. 2009. Evaluation of yield of forage corn with application of super absorbent polymer (AB A200) under drought stress. Iranian J. Field Crop Sci. 40(3): 1-8. (Abstract in English)

Munir, A., S. Kaleem, A. Qayyum, M. Ahmad. and M. N. Abbas. 2012. Assimilate utilization wheat crop as influenced by varying nitrogen levels in rainfall area. Life Sci. Intl. J. 6(4): 2659-2662.

Nawas-Nazanat, G., M. Sawar, T. Yousaf. and A. Nasseb .2005. Yield and yield component of sunflower as affected by various NPK levels. Asian J. Plan Sci. 2(7): 561-562.

Nouraki, F., M. AlaviFazel, A. Naderi, E. Panahpoor. and Sh. Lack. 2016. Effects of integrated management of bio and chemical fertilizers on yield of maize hybrids. J. Exp. Biol. Agri. Sci. 4(4): 421-426.

Orzeszyna, H., D. Garlikowski. and A. Pawlowski. 2006. Using of geo-composite with superabsorbent synthetic polymers as water retention element in vegetative laters. Institute Agro-Physics. J. Pol. Acad. Sci. 20: 201-206.

Singh, D. K., A. K. Pandey, U. B. Pandey. and S. R. Bhonde. 2002. Effect of farmyard manure combined with foliar application of NPK mixture and micronutrients on growth, yield and quality of Onion. Newsletter-Natl. Horti. Res. Develop. Found. 21-22: 1-7.

Shamoradi, F. and S. K. Marashi. 2018. Influence of Chemical and Biological Fertilizers on Agro Physiological Characteristics of Corn (Zea mays L., S.C. 703). J. Crop. Nutr. Sci. 4(1): 1-16.

Sprent, J. and P. Sprent. 1990. Nitrogen Fixation Organisms. Chapman and Hall. New York. USA. 323p.

Talaei, Gh. 2012. Effect of bio and chemical fertilizers on yield and yield components of Cumin. MSc Thesis. Shahed Univ. Tehran. Iran. (Abstract in English)

Tarang, E., M. Ramroudi, M. Galavi, M. Dahmardeh. and F. Mohajeri. 2013. Effects of nitroxin bio-fertilizer with chemical fertilizer on yield and yield components of grain corn (cv. Maxima). Intl. J. Agri. Sci. 3(5): 400-405.

Tariqoleslami, M., R. Zarqami, M. Mashhadi, A. Bojar. and M. Ovaysi. 2012. Effect of Drought stress and nitrogen fertilizer on corn physiological indices. J. Agron. Plant Breed. 8(1): 161-174. (Abstract in English)

Tesar, M. B. 1984. Physiological basis of crop growth and development. Am. Soc. Agron. Madison. Wisconsin. USA. pp: 291-321.

Wu, S. C., Z. H. Caob, Z. G. Lib, K. C. Cheunga. and M. H. Wong. 2005. Effects of bio-fertilizer containing N-fixer, P and K solubilizes and AM fungi on maize growth: a greenhouse trial. Geoderma. J. 125: 155-166.

Yazdani, F., I. Allahdadi. and G. A. Akbari. 2007. Impact of superabsorbent polymer on yield and growth analysis of soybean under drought stress condition. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10: 4190-4196.

Yousefi Fard, Y. and E. Asareh. 2013. Effect of using super adsorbent, potash fertilizer and irrigation interval on corn yield. Second Natl. Conf. Sust. Agri. Environ. Karaj. Iran. pp: 111-120. (Abstract in English)

Zhang, Y. Y., Y. Li. and T. Gao. 2008. Arabidopsis SDIRI Enhance Drought Tolerance in Crop Plant. J. Biosci. Biotech. Biochem. 72(8): 2251-2254.