Assessment Effect of Different Irrigation Regime and Fertilizer Combinations on Seed Yield, Radiation Use Efficiency and Biochemical Parameters of Corn

Authors

Department of Agronomy, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran.

Abstract

New irrigation methods under different nutritional element supplies for maize production was designed and tested for evaluate quantitative and qualitative parameters by split-plot arrangement according complete randomized block design with three replications. Different Irrigation regimes was belonged to main plots (Conventional furrow irrigation: CFI or A1, Alternate furrow irrigation: AFI or A2 and fixed furrow irrigation: FFI or A3). Sub plots consisted (B1): Nitrogen + Phosphorus + or N + P as Control (C), (B2): Nitrogen + Phosphorus + Potassium or N + P + K, (B3): Nitrogen + Phosphorus + Potassium + Zinc or N + P + K + Zn, (B4): Nitrogen + Phosphorus + Potassium + Zinc + Boron or N + P + K + Zn + B and (B5): Nitrogen + Phosphorus + Potassium + Zinc + Boron + Iron or N + P + K + Zn + B + Fe. Results of analysis of variance showed that the interaction effects of different irrigation regime and fertilizer combinations on the characteristics of N Concentration, P Concentration, K Concentration, N Uptake, P Uptake, K Uptake, Number of seeds per row, 1000 seeds weight, leaf area index (LAI), Radiation use efficiency, seed yield, biological yield, number of seeds per row, was significant at 5% probability level. Interaction effects of treatments of irrigation regime and fertilization indicate that the Zn foliar increased concentrations of these elements in the seed. The highest and lowest of N, P and K uptake, seed yield and LAI were 117.56, 42.73, 55.7 kg.ha-1, 12950 kg.ha-1 3.86 and 113.42, 17.4, 16 kg.ha-1, 8894 kg.ha-1, 2.41 from Alternate furrow irrigation and (C+K, Zn, B, Fe) fertilizer treatment and fixed furrow irrigation and control respectively. The highest of light use efficiency were obtained from Alternate furrow irrigation and conventional furrow irrigation and (C+K, Zn, B, Fe) fertilizer treatment with 0.175 kg.kcal-1.m-2. In order to utilize the water sources efficiently and increase corn production under limited water supply, we propose the use of circular irrigation care along with instance, K, Zn, B and Fe fertilizer.

Keywords


Abedi, T. and H. Pakniyat. 2010. Antioxidant enzyme changes in response to drought stress in ten cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). Czech J. Genetics Plant Breed. 46: 27-34.

Bahrani, A., J. Pourreza, A. Madani and F. Amiri. 2012. Effect of PRD irrigation method and potassium fertilizer application on corn yield and water use efficiency. Bulgarian J. Agric. Sci. 18: 616-625.

Bartles, R. A and A. D. Villalobos. 2009. Mulch and Fertilizer effect on soil Nutrient content, water conservation. ASD plain papers. No. 16. pp: 17-25.

Bacon, S. C, L. E. Lanyon. and R. M. Schlander. 2007. Plant nutrient flow in the managed pathways of an intensive dairy farm. Agron.J. 99: 755-761.

Beegle, D. B. 2004. Soil fertility management. P. 36. In: E. Martz. (Ed.) The Pennsylvania State agronomy guides 2004. Pennsylvania State Univ. College Agri. Sci. Univ. Park. pp: 17-27.

Boyer, J. S. 2006. Relationship of water potential to growth of leaves plant. J. Plant Physiol. 88: 1056-1062.

Cakir, R. 2004. Effect of water stress at different development stages on vegetative and reproductive growth of corn. Field Crops. J. 89: 1-16.

Cavero, J., E. Playan, N. Zapata. and J. M. Faci. 2004. Simulation of maize seed yield variability with en a surface Irrigated Field. Agron. J. 93: 773-782.

Chimenti, C. A., J. Pearson. and A. J. Hall. 2002. Osmotic adjustment and yield maintenance under drought in sunflower. J. Field Crop Research. 75: 235-246.

Daniel, T. C., A. N. Sharpley. and J. L. Lemunyon. 2008. Agricultural phosphorus and eutrophication: A symposium overview. J. Environ. 48: 251-257.

Denmead, O. T. and R. H. Shaw. 1992. The effects of soil moisture stress at different stages of growth on the development and yield of corn. Agron. J. 112: 162- 6.

English, M. J. and L. James. 1990. Deficit irrigation. II: Observation on Colombia basin. ASCE. J. Irrigation Drain. Eng. 116: 413-426.

Fixen, P. E. 2005. Soil test levels in North America. Better Crops Plant Food. 9(3): 11-20.

Floyd, M., A. Shton. and J. M. Thames. 2007. Weed Science principle and practices. Printed in the United States of America. 111 p.

Gupta, V.K. and S. Singh. 2005. Effect of Zinc and magnesium on maize crop. J. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 46: 345-349.

Hodges, S. S. 2007. Nutrient deficiency disorders. International walling ford. England. pp: 355-405.

Isarangkura, R., D. Peaslee. and R. Lockard. 2007. Utilization and redistribution of Zn during vegetative growth of corn. Agron. J. 90: 203-205.

Janssen, J. A. M. 1993. Effects of the mineral composition and water content of intact plants on the fitness of African armyworm. J. Appl. Ecol.95: 401-409.

Jupp, A. A. and I. E. Newman. 1987. Phosphorus uptake from soil by Lolium perenne during and after severe drought. J. Appl. Ecol.24: 979-990.

 Kajdi, F. and K. Pocsia. 2003. Effect of irrigation on the yield potential, protein yield of oilseed rape cultivars. J. Acta Ovarinsis. 35: 65-72.

Kang, S. Z, P. Shi, Y. H. Pan, Z. S. Liang, X. T. Hu. and J. Zhang. 2000. Soil Water distribution uniformity and water use efficiency under alternative furrow irrigation arid area. Irrigation Sci. J. 19(4): 181-190.

Karimiyan, N. 1995. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on zinc nutrition of corn in a calcareous soil. J. Plant Nutr. 18: 2261-2271.

Kaya, C. and D. Higgs. 2002. Response of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) cultivars to foliar application of zinc when grown in sand culture at low zinc. J. Sciatica Horti. 93(1): 53-64.

Khan, H. R, G. K. McDonald. and Z. Rengel. 2004. Zinc fertilization and water stress affects plant water relations, stomata conductance and osmotic adjustment in chickpea. J. Plant and Soil. 267(1-2): 271-284. 

Khurana, N. and C. Chatterjee. 2008. Influence of variable zinc on yield, oil content, and physiology of sunflower. Commun. Soil Science and Plant Anal. 56: 323–330.

Kirda, C., S. Topcu, H. Kaman, A. C. Ulger, A. Yazici, M. Cetin and M. R. Derici. 2005. Grain yield response and N-fertilizer recovery of maize under deficit irrigation. J. Field Crops Res. 93: 132–141.

Lauer, J. 2003. What happen with in the corn plant when drought occurs. J. Wisconsin Crop Manager .10(22): 225-228.

Marshal, J., M. Mata, J. Del-Campo, A. Arbones, X. Vallverdu, J. Girona. and N. Olivo. 2008. Evaluation of partial root-zone drying for potential field use as a deficit irrigation technique in commercial vineyards according to two different pipeline layouts. Irrigation Sci. J.26: 347-356.

Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic Press. 11 pp.

Movahhedy-Dehnavy, M., S. A. M. Modarres-Sanavy. and A. Mokhtassi-Bidgoli. 2009. Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) grown under water deficit stress. Industrial Crops and Prod. 30(1): 82-92.

Nassiri Mahallaty, M. M. and M. J. Kropfh. 1997. Simulation model for crop– weed competition, modified for LAD distribution function and extinction coefficient based on leaf dispersion. Agricultural Wagheningen University. Germany.

Nelson, R. L. 2006. Tassel emergence and pollen shed .Corny News Network.

Song, F. B. and J. Y. Dia. 2006. Effect of drought stress on growth and development of female inflorescence and yield of maize. J. Jillian Agric. Univ. 31(3): 12-17.

Tagheian-aghdam, A., S. R. Hashemi, A. Khashei and A. Shahidi. 2014. Effects of Various Irrigation Treatments on Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Sweet Corn. Intl. Res. J. Appl. Basic Sci. 8(9): 1165-1173.

Tandon, K. 2005. Micronutrients in soil, crops, and fertilizers. Fertilizer Development and consultation Organization. New Delhi. India.

Tisdalo, S. L. 2005. Soil fertilizers, 9th Ed .N. Y. Macmillan Publication. 57 pp.

Wasson, J. J., R. Schumacher. and T. E. Wicks. 2009. Maize water content and solute potential at three stages of development. University of Illinois. Dept. Crop Sci. Medico. 94(1): 67 -72.